The hot summer months are here. Like me, you’ve probably been complaining about the hot, hot, hot temperatures we have here in the Philippines.
Maybe you’ve already made plans for hitting the beach or going on outdoor adventures. But you must be conscious of your health at all times, even when you’re on vacation mode.
This summer, make sure you avoid heat stroke.
Heat stroke continues to be a health hazard in the country. The Department of Health has been constantly reminding the public that heat stroke is considered a medical emergency and that anyone who experiences this must receive immediate medical attention.
What is Heat Stroke, Signs and Symptoms
Heat stroke is defined as the most severe form of heat injury. It occurs when the body fails to cool down.
The symptoms of heat stroke begin to manifest when the body fails to recover from a simple heat exhaustion. Victims of heat stroke are not able to sweat or release excessive heat due to humid temperature and dehydration.
Everyone is at risk of becoming a heat stroke victim. However, children and the elderly are considered high risk.
To prevent heat exhaustion, you must watch out for the early signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion. These include fainting, dizziness, headache, anxiety, weakness, discomfort, dehydration and intense thirst.
Signs and Symptoms to Watch Out For
When heat exhaustion is not remedied, this is typically followed by the signs and symptoms of heat stroke. These include delirium, loss of consciousness, very high core body temperature, rapid heartbeat, hot and dry skin, and convulsions.
At the initial experience of heat stroke, first aid measures must be done.
First Aid Measures for Heat Stroke Victims
The Department of Health promotes heat stroke awareness and dissemination of information regarding first aid measures for heat stroke victims. Infographic campaigns on heat stroke prevention and first aid measures help people understand more about the condition, especially that the Philippines is currently experiencing high environmental temperatures, as it is summer season in the country.
When a person is experiencing heat stroke, the first thing that must be done is to move the person to a shady area or indoors.
The victim must be positioned lying down with their legs elevated. If the victim is still conscious, he or she must sip cool water. You should also remove constrictive clothing on the victim and apply cool water to the skin.
Proper ventilation must also be initiated like fanning the victim. Ice packs may be applied to the victim’s wrists, ankles, armpits, and groin.
The victim must also be brought to the hospital immediately.
Preventing Heat Stroke
While heat stroke may be common especially during the summer months, this condition can be prevented.
One way to do so is to drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol, soda, tea, and coffee. Wearing a wide-brimmed hat and long-sleeved shirt is also advisable when you go outdoors.
Lastly, proper time management must be considered. Limit the time that you spend outdoors. Schedule outdoor activities at the beginning or perhaps at the end of the day, when the temperature is significantly cooler.
Make sure to avoid getting heat stroke. Don’t let it ruin your summer adventures.